A Mathematical Study of Effect of Humidity on Human Skin Temperature at Warm Environment
Keywords:Thermoregulation, Penne’s bio-heat transfer equation, human dermal parts, humidity, evaporation rate, finite element method
The ability of the human body to regulate its heat exchange depends on various environmental factors together with its ability to exchange heat in in-vivo tissue. The environmental factor humidity plays a crucial role in heat regulation within the human body. The heat regulation within in-vivo tissue constitutes temperature regulation in the layers of the dermal part to maintain body core temperature constant. The purpose of this article is to develop a mathematical model to study the effect of humidity on temperature regulation within the human body. The model has been developed for one-dimensional steady-state flow of heat in human dermal parts with appropriate boundary conditions containing the factors of effect of humidity. Matlab program has been used to simulate the model and obtain numerical results with graphs.