Design, Fabrication and Performance Evaluation of an Automatic Horizontal Egg Incubator.
Keywords:Temperature, Humidity, Ventilation, Egg turning, Egg Incubating Box
This research paper presents the design, construction and performance testing of an automatic electrically powered egg incubator utilizing horizontal placement of eggs. This experimental research was driven by specific design and construction of a well-insulated rectangular egg-incubating box of dimension 400*600*500mm and thickness 30mm, where sample eggs were kept for experimental test analysis under the favorable temperature and humidity inside the box, which was automatically controlled. The device was made to operate under the temperature range of 37 oC-38oC, which was found to be adequate for developing embryo and also maintaining relative humidity at the range of 45-60% for first 18 days and 60-90% for last three days. Finally, in this machine the egg tray was adjusted horizontally, and motor clamped mechanism was used 5 times a day which was controlled automatically by microcontroller for motion of eggs up to 18 days of incubation. As a conclusion this egg-incubating machine has hatchability of 70%.